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Natural phenomena

The Mud Volcanoes

Location: in Berca commune, Paclele village, Buzau County.
Description: The Mud Volcanoes region is a floristic and geological reservation and covers an aria of 5 hectares. The phenomenon is due to the natural gas emanations which infiltrate through the crust cracks and in their way out to the surface they involve the phreatic water together with the clay. By successive overflows of mud “lava” structures resembling to volcanic cones result. The vegetation is scarcely developed being represented by species adapted to dry conditions. This is the only place in Romania where a rare plant named Nitraria schoberi appears. This plant is a natural protected monument.

The Unextinguished Fire

Location: in Andreiasu commune, Vrancea County.
Description: The Unextinguished Fire is a natural protected monument and it covers an aria of 12 hectares. This phenomenon is due to the natural gas emanations which infiltrate through the crust cracks and burn continuously.

The Red Steep

Location: 3 km far from Sebes, Alba County.
Description: The Red Steep is a geological and geomorphological reservation and it covers an aria of 12 hectares. The hill is 125 m high and 800 m long and consists of an alternation of rocks: gravels, grit stones, clays on which the streams took action. This is how the spectacular red coloured pyramidal forms resulted.

Detunatele (“The Roars”)

Location: 12 km far from Abrud, Alba County.
Description: Detunatele( The Roars) are in fact huge basalt walls from which due to disintegration blocks of the rock are rolling down accompanied by a powerful noise which explains their names. The Naked Roar (Detunata Goala) is 1169 m high, its name comes from the fact that it doesn’t have vegetation. The Shaggy Roar(Detunata Flocoasa) is 1205 m high and it is covered by forests, which explains its suggestive name.

The Cock’s Comb

Location: in the proximity of Desesti commune, Maramures County.
Description: The Cock’s Comb was declared geological reservation and it covers 50 hectares. It is a volcanic peak with steep wall-like appearance made of andesite.

Boiu Karstic Intermittent Spring

Location: in the proximity of Vascau city, Bihor County.
Description: In the Codru-Moma Mountains there is Vascau Plateau, an aria of compact calcareous rocks which determined the appearance of many karstic phenomena. Among these karstic phenomena we can mention the karstic intermittent springs. The river Tarinii loses its waters into a 35 m high aven and after a 2 km long underground course it springs nearby Vascau city as the Boiu Karstic Intermittent Spring.

Calugari Karstic Intermittent Spring

Location: nearby Calugari village, Bihor County.
Description: The Calugari Karstic Intermittent Spring is a natural protected monument.

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