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Medieval Romania

Alba Iulia city

Location: in Alba County.

Description: The initial fortress, Balgrad, meaning “the White Fortress”, was built by the ruler Gyula during the 9th-10th centuries. The construction of the present fortress (Alba Carolina Fortress) began in 1714 and it was finished in 1733. The construction was realized in Vauban style after the drafts of the Italian architect Giovanni Morando Visconti at the orders of the Emperor Carol VI of Habsbourg. The fortress’s walls were made of thick bricks and stones taken out from the Roman ruins. The six gates of the bulwark fortress have been a model for the 18th century Transylvanian architecture.

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